FIRDAYANTI, MEISA FARIDA (2019) PENGARUH LEVERAGE KEUANGAN DAN LIKUIDITAS TERHADAP TINGKAT PROFITABILITAS PADA KOPERASI ASTRA. S1 thesis, Universitas Negeri Jakarta.
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Abstract
MEISA FARIDA FIRDAYANTI. The Effect of Financial Leverage and Liquidity on the Profitability of Astra Cooperatives. Economic Education, Faculty of Economics, Jakarta State University, 2019. This study aims to determine the effect of financial leverage and liquidity on the level of profitability at the Koperasi Astra. The purpose of this study was to determine how much influence financial leverage and liquidity have on the level of profitability at the Koperasi Astra. The increase in leverage caused by cooperative management wants cooperative financial savings if one day there are members who want to take their money so that the leverage expected to be a profitstriking profit is precisely the value of profitability is fluctuated into the basis of this research, the method used is Multiple Regression Analysis. The study shows several results, namely: (i) Based on the research results a constant value of 0.194, it shows that if leverage and liquidity do not change or at a constant condition (value of 0), the average profitability of the Astra Cooperative 0,194 (ii ) The regression coefficient X1 is negative at 0.341. Leverage is measured by Debt to Asset Ratio. The calculation of the simple regression coefficient above is known to be a significant value on financial leverage there is a sig value of 0.004. This shows that the leverage variable (X1) has a negative influence on the profitability variable (Y). Then it can be concluded that the leverage variable (X1) has a significant negative effect on the profitability variable (Y) which, if leverage increases, profitability will decrease and vice versa if leverage decreases, profitability will rise. (iii) Regression coefficient X1 is positive at 0.301. Liquidity as measured by Current Ratio. This means that companies with high Current Ratio values tend to have greater profitability. Calculation of the simple regression coefficient above is known to be significant value in financial leverage there is a sig value of 0,000. Liquidity (X2) shows that tcount is 6,181 or greater than (2,021). This shows the variable liquidity (X2) has a positive effect on the profitability variable (Y). From the partial results of the hypothesis, it can be concluded that the liquidity variable (X2) has a significant positive effect whereby if liquidity rises then profitability will rise and if liquidity is low then profitability will fall. Keywords: Financial Leverage, Profitability Level, Astra Cooperative.
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